Link - Great Pundit docs

As I know, Pundit and CanCanCan are the 2 best approaches to adding AUTHORIZATION into a Rails app.

AUTHORIZATION - allow users to perform different actions / see different content based on their roles / other conditions.

I personally just prefer Pundit.

1. Basic installation & usage:

# Gemfile
 gem "pundit"
# console
bundle
rails g pundit:install
rails g pundit:policy post
rails g pundit:policy user
# app/controllers/application_controller.rb
  include Pundit

  rescue_from Pundit::NotAuthorizedError, with: :user_not_authorized

  private

  def user_not_authorized
    flash[:alert] = "You are not authorized to perform this action."
    redirect_to(request.referrer || root_path)
  end
# app/policies/post_policy.rb
class PostPolicy < ApplicationPolicy
  def index?
    true
    # false - nobody has access
  end

  def show?
    @user.has_any_role? :admin, :newuser || @record.user == @user
    # index?
    # @user.has_role? :admin
  end
end
# app/controllers/posts_controller.rb
  def index
    @posts = Post.order(created_at: :desc)
    authorize @posts
  end

  def show
    authorize @post
  end

2. Pundit policy scopes

This allows you to let users with different authorizations to see different scopes of items.

Below example - admins can see all posts, other users can see posts that have content not blank.

# app/policies/post_policy.rb
class PostPolicy < ApplicationPolicy
  class Scope < Scope
    def resolve
      if @user.has_role? :admin
        scope.all
      else
        scope.where.not(content: "")
      end
    end
  end
# app/controllers/posts_controller.rb
  def index
    @posts = policy_scope(Post).order(created_at: :desc)
    authorize @posts
  end

In the above case @record = selected post

3. View validation

Allow users different authorizations to see content in a view:

views:

<b>current user can see particular users show page?</b>
<%= policy(@user).show? %>

<b>current user can see users index?</b>
<%= policy(User).index? %>

<b>current user can edit a user?</b>
<%= policy(User).edit? %>

<%= link_to 'Edit user roles', edit_user_path(user) if policy(User).edit? %>

4. Advanced controller setup

Instead of adding authorize @posts or authorize @post to each controller action, just list the actions that you want to authorize either in a before_action:

# app/controllers/posts_controller.rb
  before_action :authorize_valuations, only: %i[edit update destroy]
  # after_action :authorize_valuations, except: %i[create report_quotes]

  def authorize_valuations
    authorize(@valuations || @valuation)
  end