If I was going to start learning Web development today, this would be my roadmap:
1. Frontend development
- English - you won’t get far without it.
- HTML - the foundation of WEB development. What the browser displays.
- Git - save & store your code.
- CSS - style your HTML.
At this point you can create a static website. Without relying on any $$$ proprietary tools!
Surely, instead of learning all that you can become a professional in WordPress/Drupal/Wix or another website builder, but that way you are bound to a specific proprietary tool. And this niche skill would not pay much ;)
To polish the above skills of developing static websites, you can learn:
- CSS Frameworks (BootstrapCSS, TailwindCSS)
- JS Framework - StimulusJS is a lightweight option to start with
Congratulations! You are now a frontend web developer!
2. Backend development
- having a database to store, read and write data
- communicating with the database via HTTPS requests
- dynamically generating different data on web pages
- adding “business logic”
This all can be handled by a framework like Ruby on Rails.
First steps to learn Rails:
- Ruby programming language
- Basic database architecture - storing, reading, writing data
- Rails MVC (Model-View-Controller) + Routes
- Integrating a gem (devise, pagy, ransack)
- Bulding a hobby app
A long journey
It’s not easy.
Learning programming takes a lot of time, discipline and focus.
Select one tech stack and don’t get destracted along the way.
Just as it takes years to get a university degree, it takes time to learn programming on a level to be eligible for the job market.
Millions of people “try programming” and ditch it a few months later.
Perserverance > Talent.